Transportation is vital to the economic growth of all countries.  And while the internet makes communication easier for all, the transportation of goods and people are essential elements of national plans to growth the economy and attain higher standards of living.  Still, the transportation sector, as a consumer of land and substantial energy resources, must be developed in concert the environmental and ecological needs of local communities, whether large mega-cities or networks of rural communities.

Transportation can be divided into four sectors: road, shipping, rail and aviation.  Significant resources are dedicated toward the more efficient use and the environmentally-friendly development of roads.  Likewise, shipping is of greater and greater interest for economic development as the emerging economies of Africa, Asia and South America become increasingly engaged in international commerce.  How this growth in international commerce is achieved, is an important part of national and regional growth plans.
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